The desirable font is Times New Roman, font size 12.
To add symbols to the manuscript, use the Insert → Symbol function in your word processor or paste in the appropriate Unicode character. Equations should be inserted using the equation editor.
Page and line numbers should be included in the manuscript file. Use continuous line numbers (do not restart the numbering on each page).
If your manuscript contains footnotes, move the information into the main text or the reference list, depending on the content. However, note that footnotes are not permitted.
All manuscripts must be submitted in English. You may submit translations of the manuscript or abstract as supporting information.
All abbreviations must be defined upon first appearance in the text. Do not use non-standard abbreviations unless they appear at least three times in the text.
References should be in IEEE format.